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He pregnancy It is that wonderful stage that every woman lives with enthusiasm and expectation, but also a moment in life in which aspects such as food must be taken care of. At home, the pregnant woman can control what she eats and, most importantly, how she eats it, that is, how to prepare it. This does not happen when you go to a restaurant. Discover the more dangerous foods if you are pregnant and eat away from home!
One of the most common recommendations that pregnant woman usually received in early pregnancy refers to foods to avoid during those 40 weeks. When the pregnant goes out to eat, You must maintain the same precautions and even more, since the way in which food is prepared is not always known. What are those foods that you should pay special attention to and why?
1. Fresh cheeses
Cheeses made with fresh unpasteurized milk may contain listeria monocytogenes, and when we eat out we do not know what the process of making the cheeses they can offer us has been, so, as prevention, it is better avoid any kind of fresh cheese.
Cured cheeses or those cheeses, such as mozzarella, that are used in pizzas that are going to spend time in the oven at high temperature, do not present danger and can be eaten with peace of mind. Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen whose effects during pregnancy can be very serious. Depending on the trimester in which it contracts, it can cause miscarriages, premature births, and even the death of the fetus.
2. Raw sausages
Chorizo, ham, salami, especially when the curing process is limited, are likely to contain toxoplasma gondii. The toxoplasmosis It is a disease that is not serious under normal conditions, but that, in pregnancy, is capable of causing severe malformations in the fetus. Although the risk of contamination from the consumption of sausages is minimal, it is advisable to exercise extreme caution when eating outside the home. Raw meats, such as carpacio, should also be avoided.
3. Smoked salmon
Outbreaks of listeria monocytogenes have been described in this food, so it seems advisable to avoid its consumption in restaurants. Generally, it is assumed that freezing below -18 ° C contributes to the elimination of this pathogen, but in the restaurant we cannot be sure that these types of precautions have been taken. Additionally, some authors state that they have found colonies of the microorganism that are still viable at this temperature, so to protect the baby, it is better not to risk it.
Outbreaks of listeria monocytogenes have also appeared in the consumption of salads, so it is extremely important to thoroughly wash any fruit and / or vegetables that are to be consumed raw. Unfortunately, in a restaurant it is a risk that we should not take, so it is advisable to avoid salads and raw vegetables.
5. Spicy foods
Whether they are curries or chilis, spicy foods can stimulate the functioning of intestinal transit, triggering small contractions that can scare the pregnant woman, being better to avoid Indian or Mexican food during pregnancy. This effect is not observed when these meals are part of the habitual diet of the future mother, for example in countries like Mexico, being totally safe.
6. Fish and shellfish
When used raw, as in sushi, they can be a source of anisakis, a parasite that, although it does not affect the fetus, can cause a reaction in the mother's gastrointestinal tract and even a severe anaphylactic reaction if the mother is allergic .
Bivalve mollusks, such as mussels and those fish that have been dried / preserved in salting, such as cod, do not present a risk of anisakis. In addition, freezing below -20 ºC for 24 hours ensures that the worm does not cause harm to the pregnant woman, but to be safe, it is preferable not to consume these foods outside the home.
The basic recommendation is not to consume raw eggs, but sauces that include them in their preparation, such as mayonnaise, should not be consumed either. Salmonella is a bacterium that causes salmonellosis, the symptoms and consequences of which are aggravated during pregnancy, which can cause harm to the fetus.
8. Big fish
The amount of mercury that accumulates in the muscle of the fish (precisely the meat that we consume) is directly related to the size of the fish, so the high content of mercury in these large fish makes them unsuitable during pregnancy. This metal is harmful to the brain and the developing nervous system of the fetus, and we must take precautions when we choose fish in a restaurant and always choose small pieces.
Although it may seem strict, pregnancy is only 9 months in which we begin to prepare for motherhood, and what better way to do it than by protecting the health of our baby.
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