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The visual spatial intelligence It is one of the multiple intelligences derived from the theory of psychologist Howard Gardner who seeks to end traditional ideas of an exclusively unique intelligence, and ends up describing a total of eight. This type of intelligence is related to the artistic part and, normally, children who show high capacities in this intelligence tend to excel in professions such as architecture, draftsman, design and decoration, advertising and marketing, photography, painting and fine arts, restoration, creation. videogames, among others.
Not all children are the same and, therefore, some are better at numbers, others at words, while there are also those who excel in sports or artistic activities. All this is what Gardner wanted to make clear in his model of multiple intelligences, thus demonstrating that there is more than one way of learning.
Some of these intelligences are more recognized and worked as the linguistic intelligence (related to languages) or mathematical logic (with numbers). But many others are still little described and considered, as is the case of musical intelligence (related to music), visuospatial (with the artistic part), corporal-kinesthetic (with physical movement), naturalistic (with the experiential experiences), interpersonal (related to social relationships) and intrapersonal (related to emotions).
This being the case, we could describe the intelligence of the little ones as a summation of combinations of these eight types and their possible degrees (high, intermediate and / or low). In the next two sections, we will teach you how to easily identify and train from home one of the most commonly unknown intelligences, the so-called spatial or artistic intelligence.
You will only need paper and pencil to write down and add all the points of each of the following 10 questions on a scale from 0 to 3, following the following classification below:
- 0 points: the question does not identify the child at all.
- 1 point: the question minimally identifies the child.
- 2 points: the question quite identifies the child.
- 3 points: the question identifies and perfectly describes the child.
The ten questions are as follows:
- Have you always been considered creative and innovative? 0 1 2 3
- Have you always found artistic tasks (painting, decorating, etc.) easy? 0 1 2 3
- Do you have a good memory for images and details? 0 1 2 3
- Has the color combination always been a strong point? 0 1 2 3
- Are you easy to interpret maps, diagrams or images? 0 1 2 3
- Do you show an interest in crafts? 0 1 2 3
- Do you easily solve visual games (example: find differences)? 0 1 2 3
- Do you like assembly games (puzzles, constructions, etc.)? 0 1 2 3
- Do you enjoy expressing face, hand and body mimicry? 0 1 2 3
- Do you enjoy dancing and are you original with the choreography? 0 1 2 3
Now, once the total points have been counted, we can know their grade:
- High intelligence: score between 21-30.
- Intermediate intelligence: score between 11-20.
- Low intelligence: score between 0-10.
If your child has certain skills when it comes to facing a blank page and everything that has to do with drawing, painting, scribbling, reading maps, looking at pictures or paintings, solving mazes, playing construction games, it is clear that has very developed spatial intelligence. If you want to keep working on it, here we present a series of good training options!
1. Choose artistic extracurricular
Examples of activities to promote this intelligence would be all those that require creativity, whether in design with technology (robotics, computers, video games, etc.), as well as crafts (painting, pottery, cross stitching, etc.) or body expression (interpretation, theater, dance, skating, etc.).
2. Increasing your visuospatial memory
Games or training of choreographies in front of the television can be of great help in memory of a more spatial type and games of 'memory of images' in more visual memory.
3. Creative and construction games
On the one hand, any everyday object can be a source of creations for the little ones if we propose them as fun challenges (colors, macaroni, plasticine, sheets of paper, cardboard rolls, etc.). On the contrary, we can also choose more elaborate games such as those board games that promote mimicry actions, puzzles and other constructions.
4. Study with visual support
As long as the study book or notes have an image, map or diagram, it will be much easier for them to understand and memorize the study material. As well as the use of colors and highlighters to be able to mark those keywords.
You can read more articles similar to Visual spatial intelligence in children: what it is and how to train it from home, in the category of Intelligence on site.